Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body. Sugar circulating in the blood is called glucose. Increased glucose is the result of defects in its secretion of insulin or its action afterward or both. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, which allows cells to utilize the glucose as an energy source. A Family Practice in Andover Kansas can determine your chances of having DM I or II.
A failure of the production of insulin, the action of the same, or both, causes increased levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia). If not adequately controlled, long – term, continuous presence of glucose can cause alterations in the function of various organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels. Is it common to have diabetes, though? Diabetes mellitus is a disease that occurs very frequently in the general population. The two main types of diabetes are type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes, and type 2, known as adult diabetes.
The latter represents about 90% of all cases of diabetes and its incidence is increasing in recent years due to changes in lifestyle, especially weight gain. Recently speaking, experts coined the term “diabesity” unifying these two closely related diseases, type 2 diabetes and obesity. In fact, 85% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. In recent times, people are seeing a new phenomenon, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, formerly known as adult diabetes, is being given in children. This goes in parallel with childhood obesity, which is growing exponentially, according to each Family Practice in Andover Kansas.
Diabesity could be considered the epidemic of the century. In the US, diabetic studies (published in 2012) found that 14.8% of those over 18 has type 2 diabetes, which equates to more than 12 million people. Of these, over 40% were unaware they had the disease. Type 1 diabetes, in contrast, is not related to lifestyle. However, their incidence is also increasing, albeit much more moderately. The cause of this increase is unknown, although various theories have been postulated, none confirmed. Most type 1 diabetes are caused by an autoimmune process that affects cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Visit Wichita Family Medicine Specialists LLC to learn more.